Chocolatier  Chocolate Sommelier  Educator


With the wealth of information surrounding chocolate and cacao, much has been overlooked or misunderstood. Here, I dig deep into topics related to chocolate and cacao, as well as summarize current research being persued today.

Check out the categories for more specific topics, or use the search field.

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Dark Chocolate and Inflammation

Posted on April 7, 2017 at 12:40 AM

This is a summary and explanation of:

R. di Giuseppe et al. (2013). The Role of Dark Chocolate on Inflammation: A Bitter Taste for a Better Life.  Chapter 27, 371-378.

Chocolate contains flavanols (catechins, epicatechins, and procyanidins), which a...

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Taste of chocolate affected by sound

Posted on March 12, 2017 at 5:10 PM



This is a summary and explanation of:

Carvalho et al. (2016). "Smooth operator": Music modulates the perceived creaminess, sweetness, and bitterness of chocolate. Appetite 108, 383-390.

In this experiment, participants tasted and rated chocolate while listening to two distinct soundtracks, coined "...

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Chocolate and the brain. Cocoa flavonoids and the brain.

Posted on March 7, 2017 at 6:40 PM

This is a summary and explanation of:


Sokolov et al. (2013). Chocolate and the brain: Neurobiological impact of cocoa flavanols on cognition and behavior. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37 (10), 2445-2453.


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The flavour of chocolate explained

Posted on December 10, 2016 at 3:05 PM

Understanding the process of chocolate will help you understand which aspects are important to building the flavour of chocolate.  Great tasting chocolate is the end product of all these steps being dealt properly.  Failure to do so will lead to a chocolate that may not be dynamic and satisfying, for which quality chocolate surely is.  


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What is quality chocolate?

Posted on November 19, 2016 at 1:15 AM

It's a mouthful!  So get comfortable. 

Your average mass produced candy bar (a chocolate covered bar containing mostly non-chocolate ingredients) or chocolate bar in most stores is around $1-$2. The cost for an artisan chocolate bar is anywhere from $5-$12, and as high as $24 in rare cases. The question that comes up then is, "why would one spend that mu...

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Bean-to-bar. Taking chocolate into your own hands.

Posted on October 5, 2016 at 10:05 PM


Bean-to-bar is a term popping up today all around the world. It's a new chapter for the history of chocolate, but what is it exactly? It's important to first understand a little about the history of chocolate.



1.0 A very brief history of chocolate

Chocolate has been around since about 3800 BCE, which makes it over 5000...

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