Chocolatier · Chocolate Sommelier · Educator



The Process



The History of Chocolate


Click on an image to delve into that era


10 million BCE

The origins of cacao


3500 to 400 BCE

Chocolate invented


2000 BCE to 100 CE

Chocolate culture develops


12th to 15th Century

Aztecs raise chocolate to new levels


8th to 12th Century

Chocolate continues to thrive


2nd to 8th Century 

Chocolate becomes pan Mesoamerican


16th Century

The Spanish in Mesoamerica


16th - 17th Century

Chocolate in Spain


17th Century

Chocolate spreads to Europe and Asia


19th - 20th Century

Eating chocolate invented


18th - 19th Century

Industrialization & cocoa powder


17th - 19th Century

Cacao: a global operation


20th - 21st Century

Artisan & bean-to-bar chocolate




See below for a list of resources from which the information here was gathered.

Click to edit table header
Coe, Sophie D., and Michael D. Coe. The True History of Chocolate. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2013
Coe, Michael D., and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2002
Dreiss, Meredith L., and Sharon Edgar Greenhill. Chocolate Pathway to the Gods. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2008
Michael E. Smith. The Peoples of America, The Aztecs.  Oxford & Cambridge: Blackwell, 1996
Moss, Sarah and Alexander Badenoch. Chocolate, A Global History. London: Reaktion Books Ltd, 2009
Rosenblum, Mort. Chocolate, A Bittersweet Saga of Dark and Light. New York: North Point Press, 2005
Wood, G. A. R. Cocoa.  London: Longman, 1975
Young, Allen M.  The Chocolate Tree, A Natural History of Cacao. the Smithsonian Institution, 1994