1

Varieties of Theobroma

 Image from  I  zabal Agro Forest . Three kinds of Theobroma.  T. grandiflorum (Cupuacu), T. bicolor, and T. cacao (Chocolate). 

Image from Izabal Agro Forest. Three kinds of Theobroma.  T. grandiflorum (Cupuacu), T. bicolor, and T. cacao (Chocolate). 

Varieties of Cacao

 Image from  Chocolate Fiji . 1) Trinitario Amelonado 2) Forastero Amelonado 3) Trinitario Angoleta 4) Trinitario Cundeamor.

Image from Chocolate Fiji. 1) Trinitario Amelonado 2) Forastero Amelonado 3) Trinitario Angoleta 4) Trinitario Cundeamor.

 Image from  Maranon Cacao . Image of Nacional Cacao Pod and Seeds, with 40% white seeds.

Image from Maranon Cacao. Image of Nacional Cacao Pod and Seeds, with 40% white seeds.

2

Harvest

 Image from  Ucayali River Cacao . Opening Cacao pods, one by one. 

Image from Ucayali River Cacao. Opening Cacao pods, one by one. 

3

Ferment

 Image from  Ucayali River Cacao . Box Fermentation.

Image from Ucayali River Cacao. Box Fermentation.

4

Dry

 Sun Dried Cacao.

Sun Dried Cacao.

5

Grind & Conche

 Metate (Meh-Tah-Tay)

Metate (Meh-Tah-Tay)

 Melangeur

Melangeur

 Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

 Diagram of Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

Diagram of Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

6

Age & Temper

  Mast Brothers . Aging (Left) & Tempering. 

Mast Brothers. Aging (Left) & Tempering. 

7

Cacao Press

 Coenraad Johannes van Houten's Cocoa Press. 1828.

Coenraad Johannes van Houten's Cocoa Press. 1828.

8

Mesoamericans

 Santa Ana-La Florida, in Ecuador. 

Santa Ana-La Florida, in Ecuador. 

 Colossal Head. Olmecs. Circa 1800 BCE)

Colossal Head. Olmecs. Circa 1800 BCE)

 Maya Woman pouring chocolate. The Princeton Vase. 

Maya Woman pouring chocolate. The Princeton Vase. 

 Teotihuacan. Circa 450 CE. 

Teotihuacan. Circa 450 CE. 

 Aztec sculpture holding cacao pod. c. 14-15th Century. 

Aztec sculpture holding cacao pod. c. 14-15th Century. 

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Post Conquest 

 Chocolate making in New Spain. 

Chocolate making in New Spain. 

 Roman physician Paolo Zacchia published a book in 1644 called Of Hypochondriacal Sickness, which is the first official written proof of chocolate in Italy.  Knows of it as a drug, brought in from Portugal a few years earlier.  He was educated by the Jesuits, which had connections with the New World, and likely were the first to introduce chocolate unofficially.       The Tuscans added flavours such as jasmine, cinnamon, and vanilla to their chocolate. 

Roman physician Paolo Zacchia published a book in 1644 called Of Hypochondriacal Sickness, which is the first official written proof of chocolate in Italy.  Knows of it as a drug, brought in from Portugal a few years earlier.  He was educated by the Jesuits, which had connections with the New World, and likely were the first to introduce chocolate unofficially.  

 

The Tuscans added flavours such as jasmine, cinnamon, and vanilla to their chocolate. 

 Pierre Paul Caffarel, proprietor of chocolate company Caffarel (est. 1826 in Turin), invented Gianduja, chocolate and hazelnut confection. 

Pierre Paul Caffarel, proprietor of chocolate company Caffarel (est. 1826 in Turin), invented Gianduja, chocolate and hazelnut confection. 

 Ferrero was founded in 1946 in Alba, Piemonte, Italy by Pietro Ferrero.  He invented a spreadable gianduja in 1963, later to be called Nutella. 

Ferrero was founded in 1946 in Alba, Piemonte, Italy by Pietro Ferrero.  He invented a spreadable gianduja in 1963, later to be called Nutella. 

 Traditional chocolate making in Italy in the 1800's.    

Traditional chocolate making in Italy in the 1800's.    

 Amedei, founded in 1990, as a reaction to the industrialization of chocolate began producing high quality artisan chocolate.  Today, viewed as one of the most luxurious chocolate brands. 

Amedei, founded in 1990, as a reaction to the industrialization of chocolate began producing high quality artisan chocolate.  Today, viewed as one of the most luxurious chocolate brands. 

10

Cocoa Powder

Netherlands

53a0d428bb54f9880522e8332487edc9.jpg
 Coenraad Johannes van Houten

Coenraad Johannes van Houten

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First Eating Chocolate

England

t_fry_chocolate_bar.jpg
 c. 1935. Prince George, Duke of Kent, being offered chocolate in Bristol, as Cecil Fry (great-great grandson of Joseph Fry) looks on. 

c. 1935. Prince George, Duke of Kent, being offered chocolate in Bristol, as Cecil Fry (great-great grandson of Joseph Fry) looks on. 

12

Conche & Milk Chocolate

Switzerland

 Rudolf Lindt

Rudolf Lindt

 Henri Nestle

Henri Nestle

 Daniel Peter

Daniel Peter

 First Milk Chocolate Bar

First Milk Chocolate Bar