1

The Northern Amazon

Varieties of Theobroma

 Image from  I  zabal Agro Forest . Three kinds of Theobroma.  T. grandiflorum (Cupuacu), T. bicolor, and T. cacao (Chocolate). 

Image from Izabal Agro Forest. Three kinds of Theobroma.  T. grandiflorum (Cupuacu), T. bicolor, and T. cacao (Chocolate). 

Varieties of Cacao

 Image from  Chocolate Fiji . 1) Trinitario Amelonado 2) Forastero Amelonado 3) Trinitario Angoleta 4) Trinitario Cundeamor.

Image from Chocolate Fiji. 1) Trinitario Amelonado 2) Forastero Amelonado 3) Trinitario Angoleta 4) Trinitario Cundeamor.

 Image from  Maranon Cacao . Image of Nacional Cacao Pod and Seeds, with 40% white seeds.

Image from Maranon Cacao. Image of Nacional Cacao Pod and Seeds, with 40% white seeds.

2

Southern Ecuador

 Santa Ana-La Florida, in Ecuador. 

Santa Ana-La Florida, in Ecuador. 

3

Mesoamerica (Pre Conquest)

 Colossal Head. Olmecs. Circa 1800 -1500 BCE

Colossal Head. Olmecs. Circa 1800 -1500 BCE

 Teotihuacan. Circa 450 CE. 

Teotihuacan. Circa 450 CE. 

 Metate (Meh-Tah-Tay)

Metate (Meh-Tah-Tay)

 Maya Woman pouring chocolate. The Princeton Vase. Circa 7 - 8th Century AD

Maya Woman pouring chocolate. The Princeton Vase. Circa 7 - 8th Century AD

 Aztec sculpture holding cacao pod. c. 14-15th Century. 

Aztec sculpture holding cacao pod. c. 14-15th Century. 

4

Mesoamerica Post Conquest

 Chocolate making in New Spain. 

Chocolate making in New Spain. 

5

Europe

 Louis the Great 17th-18th C

Louis the Great 17th-18th C

5872391846_b1501bac16.jpg
 Chocolate Cup Holder

Chocolate Cup Holder

 Silver Chocolate Pot

Silver Chocolate Pot

6

Asia

 Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte in Northern Philippines. Completed in 1710, but parishes existed in the area since late 16th Century.  

Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte in Northern Philippines. Completed in 1710, but parishes existed in the area since late 16th Century.  

7

Holland

The Cocoa Press

 Coenraad Johannes van Houten

Coenraad Johannes van Houten

 Coenraad Johannes van Houten's Cocoa Press. 1828.

Coenraad Johannes van Houten's Cocoa Press. 1828.

53a0d428bb54f9880522e8332487edc9.jpg

8

England, Switzerland

Eating Chocolate

England

 c. 1935. Prince George, Duke of Kent, being offered chocolate in Bristol, as Cecil Fry (great-great grandson of Joseph Fry) looks on. 

c. 1935. Prince George, Duke of Kent, being offered chocolate in Bristol, as Cecil Fry (great-great grandson of Joseph Fry) looks on. 

t_fry_chocolate_bar.jpg

Switzerland

 Rudolf Lindt

Rudolf Lindt

 Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

Longitudinal Conche Developed by Rudolf Lindt. 

 Henri Nestle

Henri Nestle

 Daniel Peter

Daniel Peter

 First Milk Chocolate Bar

First Milk Chocolate Bar

9

Industrialized Chocolate

 Traditional chocolate making in Italy in the 1800's.    

Traditional chocolate making in Italy in the 1800's.    

 Melangeur

Melangeur

 Milton Hershey

Milton Hershey

 Hershey Town in Pennsylvania, USA.  Founded 1894.  http://www.hersheypa.com/about-hershey/history/index.php

Hershey Town in Pennsylvania, USA.  Founded 1894.

http://www.hersheypa.com/about-hershey/history/index.php

 Mars, Present. Franklin Clarence Mars, Mars Candy Factory Est. 1911   Franklin Clarence Mars

Mars, Present. Franklin Clarence Mars, Mars Candy Factory Est. 1911

Franklin Clarence Mars

 Est. 1780 By James Baker after sold to him  by John Hannon's wife. 

Est. 1780 By James Baker after sold to him  by John Hannon's wife. 

10

Fine Chocolate

 Established 1884

Established 1884

 Estabished 1922

Estabished 1922

 Amedei, founded in 1990, as a reaction to the industrialization of chocolate began producing high quality artisan chocolate.  Today, viewed as one of the most luxurious chocolate brands. 

Amedei, founded in 1990, as a reaction to the industrialization of chocolate began producing high quality artisan chocolate.  Today, viewed as one of the most luxurious chocolate brands. 

11

Bean To Bar Craft Chocolate

 Mast Brothers

Mast Brothers

 Wellington Chocolate Factory

Wellington Chocolate Factory

 Claudio Corallo in Sao Tome

Claudio Corallo in Sao Tome

 The Grenada Chocolate Company

The Grenada Chocolate Company

Comparison of antioxidant activity and flavanol content of cacao beans processed by modern and traditional Mesoamerican methods (2013)

https://heritagesciencejournal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/2050-7445-1-9

 

The contents and effects of polyphenols in chocolate

 

http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2005/2239/pdf/WollgastJan-2005-06-10.pdf

 

12

The Future

Zero Gravity Chocolate

Funny-Hispters4.jpg

Chris Hadfield: First Canadian Astronaut To Walk In Space. Eating Chocolate Pudding Cake. 

Chocolate has come a long way from thousands of year ago being associated with the gods above, now a snack for those travelling the universe.