chocolate research

Is it worth it for farmers to grow fine cacao?

Is it worth it for farmers to grow fine cacao?

Some assume that purchasing chocolate made with fine cacao is directly helping those who grow this expensive cacao. This isn’t necessarily the case in Ecuador, where the most fine cacao in the world is grown. This research looks into the livelihoods of the growers in Ecuador, and the trade-offs of growing bulk versus fine cacao.

Cacao type impacts fermentation, which impacts chocolate quality.

Cacao type impacts fermentation, which impacts chocolate quality.

Although fermentation impacts the flavour and qualities of the cacao, it appears that the type of cacao somehow impacts the types and populations of microorganisms. It seems as though type of cacao impacts to a degree how it ferments, which will impact the flavour and qualities of the final chocolate.

Roasting conditions & polyphenol levels in cocoa beans.

Roasting conditions & polyphenol levels in cocoa beans.

Raw chocolate versus traditional roasted chocolate. Raw chocolate is a growing sector within the chocolate industry, and often boasts high levels of antioxidants, higher than traditional roasted chocolate. However, we often don’t get a chance to see actual hard evidence of the levels of antioxidants in such foods. Zyzelewicz et al. analyzed how various roasting techniques changed the levels of polyphenols within raw versus roasted cacao beans.

Cacao Fruit & Its Effect On Chocolate Flavour

Cacao Fruit & Its Effect On Chocolate Flavour

The fruit of the cacao is why humans first took an interest in this plant, which eventually lead to the making chocolate from its seeds. The cacao fruit is crucial to the process of making chocolate, but how important is its flavour? Bertus Eskes and a team of researchers conduct a few experiments with this question in mind.

Oxalates, Chocolate, & Kidney Stones

Oxalates, Chocolate, & Kidney Stones

Chocolate is being pushed into the “superfoods” category. However, it’s important to keep in mind that although dark chocolate has its benefits in regards to health and nutrition, it is also high in fat, calorie dense, and contains significant levels of oxalate. Oxalates are tied to kidney stones, and those who suffer from kidney stones are often suggested to limit or reduce their intake of chocolate and cocoa products.

Molecular Flavour profile of Chocolate

Molecular Flavour profile of Chocolate

Fine chocolate, unlike commercial chocolate, contains aromas such as pear, bread, and hazelnut.  This is due to the volatile aroma molecules developed during processing.  Take a peek into the flavour profile of one specific chocolate bar, Blanco de Criollo by Amedei.  

Ill-mannered Behaviour Enhances Flavour

Ill-mannered Behaviour Enhances Flavour

It may be rude to make a lot of noise while you eat.  Breathing heavily while your table guest is trying to enjoy their meal.  However, research and mindful experience has taught us that mouth movements, mindful eating, and proper breathing techniques greatly enhance the flavour of our food.